State of Maharashtra is established on 1st May 1960. Since then, all governments and multilateral funding agencies are working hard to make a difference on ground level and develop the state to be the leader of the nation. But through various studies, regional imbalance in development of Maharashtra is now evident. Development indicators like infant mortality, literacy and life expectancy at birth are function of the livelihood activities, access to amenities, poverty and access to natural resource.
The Government uses the taxes collected from the citizens in the form of various schemes and programs of different ministries of Government at various level. Schemes and programmes are defined with the normative entitlements of these development parameters for every citizen. There are lacks, gaps and mismatches in fulfillment of these normative entitlements which makes the citizen deprived from their entitlements. This leads to the poor performance or rating on the development indicator. These lack gaps and mismatches can be put in various deprivation typologies. To achieve the vision of balanced sustainable development for the state, it is necessary to understand the current situation of these indicators. Inadequate and inequitable access to basic entitlement is the root cause of any of the deprivations. Such inequitable access can be result of many factors which can be classified in three classes 1. Natural resources deprivation, 2. Income deprivation, 3. Access deprivation.
Deprivation typologies will be ideal tool to put the development indicators in different perspective.